Malware can be described as any kind of software purposefully designed to harm a computer, network, user, or system. A wide array of malicious software types exist, such as worms, Trojans, malware, viruses, ransomware, adware, spyware, and fake antivirus software. In some cases, a malicious program may be developed for the sole purpose of interfering with an Internet service. Regardless of its nature, there are ways to protect your computer against the threats that Malware poses.
There are different ways to fight against these harmful programs.
One way is by removing the threats yourself. Removing the actual malicious software from your computer is often the best solution; however, sometimes you may need an IT professional’s help. Not only does an IT specialist have the tools necessary to remove malware, he or she also has the know-how and expertise to stop the spread of new Malware that has been developed.
There are a few common types of Malware that will attack you on a daily basis. Some of the most common ones include: Trojan Horses, Worms, Keyloggers, Potentially Distributed Securityoles (PDS), and Email Viruses. Each of these has its own way of spreading and attacking your computer and sucking up system resources. There are ways to defend yourself against each of these types of Malware.
Trojan Horses are files that install themselves onto your computer and pretend to perform tasks. They look legitimate and seem to be working when in fact they are carrying a payload of malicious software. They have the ability to infect as many computers on the Internet and are often programmed to return to a specific Web page after being installed. This is one of the most common ways for Malware to spread. By infecting your computer with a Trojan horse you are opening yourself up for further attacks.
Worms are also a type of Malware that can infect your computer system.
Worms make use of network vulnerabilities and can spread by crawling across the Internet while hiding on executable code or attached to email attachments. A worm can infect a number of computers, and once it gains access into your operating system, it can wreak havoc by disabling your operating system, blocking your software and files, and blocking access to your web browser. Malware that comes attached to email attachments such as pop-up ads and images can be dangerous because they can infect your operating system as well.
Keyloggers are another type of Malware that come disguised as other programs. For example, if you install a program called “My Security Suite” then it might actually install a malware program as well. Keyloggers can infect any computer and record your personal information including your login username and password. These types of malware are especially dangerous because they can hijack your account on PayPal or online merchant accounts.
Other types of Malware include Trojans, backdoor programs, and viruses. If you do not have an antivirus installed then your computer could become infected with malicious software such as spyware, stemware, or viruses. In order to protect yourself from these types of malware, you must run an antivirus scan regularly. Running a virus scan daily will help to detect and remove malicious software from your computer.
- Now that you are more familiar with the most common types of Malware you should know what steps to take if your computer has been infected.
- The most important thing to remember is that Malware can be fixed by an antivirus.
- There are several ways to remove Malware including: scanning, removing infected files and programs, and reformatting your hard drive.
- A virus scan will help prevent future Malware attacks.